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India
May 29, 2020
Sport

Classic Games of Tamilnadu

KABADDI – The word kabaddi has its origin in the Tamil word ‘kai’ ‘pidi’ which means to hold hands. The game needs a total 14 players with an even split of 7 players on each side. The basic rule of kabaddi is based on tagging, one person from a team will try and tag as many opponents as possible, dodging and tackle by the opponent is restricted within a square area. A person can be tagged only once, each tag gains a point, each tackle gets a point, if all the players in a team are tagged the opponent achieves a bonus 4 points. All the players who are tagged or tackled are considered out until the team revives him.

VALUKU MARAM – Valuku Maram is nothing but a long pole (usually made from Arecanut tree) wherein grease and oil are applied all over the pole, which make the pole slippery and quiet challenging to climb. Some amount or other prize item is kept inside a bag and tied at the top of the pole, players as a team strive to achieve the target at the top. Sometimes turmeric water is poured on the climber to make it harder to reach the top and also for the medicinal benefits of turmeric.

URI ADITHAL – The origin of the game is unknown. Uri means Stick and Adithal meaning to hit, so the name of the game literally means to beat with a stick. With the help of a stick, blindfolded participants had to break clay pots filled with money hung up high above their heads.

MALYUTHAM – Malyutham is a Grappling or Wrestling art that originated in Tamil Nadu. It is a two player game which incorporates grappling, joint-breaking, punching, biting, choking and pressure point striking which progressed from purely sportive contests of strength. Physical strength, valour and mental stability improves and makes you a perfect king who can rule.

GHILLI – The game is believed to have evolved 2500 years ago during the Maurya Empire. Gilli-Danda is played with two wooden sticks. A Gilli is a small stick with a length of around 3 inches. A Danda is a two feet long stick that is tapered at the ends, which serves as a bat. Ghilli-dhanda can be played as an individual sport or group sport. The rule of the game is simple tap to lift the ghilli high in the air and hit as far as you can with danda. The runs/points are the distance the ghilli has made from the starting point, usually calculated with danda. The player is out if the ghilli is caught in the air.

PAMBARAM – Pambaram involves a colorful wooden top that needs to spin around on the ground. Make it spin with a string, and quite a bit of concentration is needed. All the players should wind their Bambarams with their ropes, unwind it on the ground to rotate and then pick it up with the rope as quickly as possible. The primary skill on this rely on shortest rope length usage and still make the bamabram to rotate on the ground allowing you to catch it back with the rope.

FIVE STONES – The game of 5 stones is believed to have originated in Ancient Asia.  Five stones is played by 2 or more players, using 5 small stones. The game is throwing the stones up and picking up the stones from the ground in a specific pattern such as one at a time, two at a time, three,four,five at a time.

AADU PULI ATTAM – This game is a two-player board game that is played in south India.The objective of the tiger is to hunt 5 or more goats and that of the goats is to surround and immobilize all the three tigers. Like the name aadu puli the hunt begins once all the 15 goats and 3 tigers are played in the board. The aadu must move in a way that it escapes the tiger in the intersection points if not it will be considered to be killed.

NONDI – Nondi or Pandi Attam is a very funny hopping or hopscotch game played by group of girls in many rural villages of Tamil Nadu any number of players can play this for fun. The aim of nondi is to capture maximum number of squares in the grid by hopping and jumping through the court in a specific pattern without the feet touching the lines and without putting a hand down to gain balance. A small and flat concrete area or a sandy ground would be ideal to play this game.

PAGADE – Pagade is a race game in which two or four players can play. The game board has four arms joined at the sides of a central big square which is ‘Home’. Each arm is made up of three rows of eight squares.

PALLANGUZHI – Pallanguzhi is an urban board game, once patronised by women in Tamil Nadu, an entertaining way to improve math and motor skills. Originated in Tamilnadu during Pallava rule. 2 player game.The kits for the game is not more than a wooden plank with 14 holes & 146 counters in which cowrie shells (sozhi) or Tamarind seed were used. The beads are taken from one hole and distributed in a clockwise direction, once an empty hole is established the adjacent hole beads have acquired the player. The opposite player continues the same process. The person who has acquired more beads at the end wins.

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